singapore first president
, Yusof served for three terms in office before he died on 23 November 1970 due to heart failure. The office of President also becomes vacant if it is determined that the election of the President was void and no other person was duly elected as President, or if on the expiration of the incumbent's term the person declared elected as President fails to take office: Arts.  He was sworn on 3 December that year as Singapore's Yang di-Pertuan Negara (head of state) after the PAP won the first election held in Singapore after Singapore's self-governance. The national constitution sets strict eligibility conditions for the presidency. Singapore: Times Editions. This makes her the 12th woman to serve as president in the Asian continent. Owing to personal problems, Nair stepped down in 1985 and was replaced by Wee Kim Wee, who served as president until 1993. Both Republicans & Democrats vote to impeach Trump again, first US president to be impeached twice. After his resignation from Utusan Melayu, Yusof took the position of Chairman of the Public Service Commission of Singapore at the invitation of then Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. Presidential Elections (Posters and Banners) Regulations (, PEA, ss.  The process begins when the prime minister issues a writ of election to the returning officer specifying the date and place of nomination day.  In addition, the president may withhold assent to any Supply Bill, Supplementary Supply Bill or Final Supply Bill for any financial year if in his or her opinion the estimates of revenue and expenditure, supplementary estimates or statement of excess are likely to lead to a drawing on past reserves. He introduced the National Service (NS) scheme, with the help of his defence minister Goh Keng Swee. "Parliament approves increase in President's salary, expenditure", Text of the Constitution at Singapore Statutes Online, Constitution of the Republic of Singapore Tribunal, Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act, Liquor Control (Supply and Consumption) Act 2015, British Military Administration (1945–1946), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=President_of_Singapore&oldid=1002346235, Lists of political office-holders in Singapore, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chairman of the Council of Presidential Advisors. Wee Kim Wee was the first president to exercise custodial powers pursuant to the constitutional amendments of 1991. The president must not be subject to any of the following disqualifications: The president must be a person of integrity, good character and reputation. He was sworn in as the seventh president of Singapore on 1 September 2011. 19(4), read with Art. Constitution, Art. The disqualification of a person under clauses (d) and (e) may be removed by the President and shall, if not so removed, cease at the end of five years beginning from the date on which the return mentioned in clause (d) was required to be lodged or, as the case may be, the date on which the person convicted as mentioned in clause (e) was released from custody or the date on which the fine mentioned in clause (1) (e) was imposed on such person: Constitution, Art. After the PAP won the 1959 election and Singapore achieved self-government, Mr Yusof was appointed the Yang di-Pertuan Negara of Singapore, or Head of …  Otherwise, the returning officer issues a notice of contested election specifying when polling day will be. Constitution, Arts. The sixth president was S. R. Nathan. , On 9 August 1965, Singapore was expelled from Malaysia and became an independent nation. Sulaiman Daud ... On Jan. 14 (Singapore … In 1924, he was enrolled in Raffles Institution for his secondary education. 22L(1)(d) and (e). PEA, s. 62A(2), inserted by the Presidential Elections (Amendment) Act 2010 (No.  The ballot boxes are then taken to counting centres to be opened and the ballots counted. 45. Constitution, Arts. , During the Japanese Occupation of Singapore, Utusan Melayu had to stop circulation as machinery used to print the paper were requisitioned to publish the Japanese paper, Berita Malai. He is the longest-serving prime minister of Singapore.  Warta Malaya was heavily influenced by developments in the Middle East and Yusof wanted a newspaper dedicated to Malay issues.  As the president exercises this constitutional function in accordance with Cabinet's advice and not in their personal discretion except in certain circumstances, in general he or she may not refuse to assent to bills that Parliament has validly passed. , In November 2016, further amendments provide for "reserved elections" for a particular racial group (Chinese, Malay and Indian/other minority) — if that community has not been represented for five presidential terms. His first term of office was from 1 September 1999 to 31 August 2005. Nathan to draw $4.9 billion from past financial reserves to meet current budget expenditure, the first time it had done so. If not, the overseas votes may be decisive.  The changes went into effect in April 2017. SINGAPORE: Singapore's central bank has made an embarrassing gaffe by misspelling the name of the country's first President Yusof Ishak on the packaging of newly-launched currency notes, forcing authorities to apologise today.  A candidate or his or her counting agent may ask the returning officer for a recount of votes if the difference between the number of votes for the candidate with the most votes and any other candidate's number of votes is 2% or less. Halimah Yacob became Singapore’s first female president on the 13th of September 2017. 19(7). After his death he was replaced by Benjamin Sheares, who served until his death in 1981, when he was succeeded by Chengara Veetil Devan Nair. In 2016, further amendments were passed providing for "reserved elections" for a particular ethnic community, if that community has not provided a president in the past five presidential terms. Halimah is the first Malay president of Singapore for almost five decades.  In other cases, an election can take place any time from three months before the expiry of the incumbent's term of office. Tun Yusof held many appointments within the Singaporean government. He started journalism after he graduated from Raffles Institution in 1929 and in 1932, he joined Warta Malaya, a well-known Malay newspaper company at that time. Constitution, Arts. This resulted in rising tensions within the Utusan Melayu and in 1959, Yusof had sold his shares he had in the company and resigned as UMNO had bought over almost all of the shares of Utusan Melayu. Constitution, Art. This allowance is used to cover the maintenance of the Istana, vehicles, utilities and other supplies, as well as for ceremonies and celebrations.  In particular, the PEC must be satisfied that the potential candidates are persons of integrity, good character and reputation; and if they have not previously held certain key government offices or acted as chairman of the board of directors or CEO of a company incorporated or registered under the Companies Act with shareholders' equity of at least $500 million, that they held a position of comparable seniority and responsibility in the public or private sector that has given them experience and ability in administering and managing financial affairs. Retrieved from NewspaperSG", "First issue of Warta Malaya (1930–1942) is published – Singapore History", "Life and times of Yusof Ishak, Singapore's first president", "Straits Times: Iseas to be named after Yusof Ishak on Aug 12", "Son of S'pore first President: Yes, I taught PM Lee to ride a bike", "Yusof bin Ishak – The Republic of Singapore's First Head of State", "Think tank renamed ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, bearing name of Singapore's first president", "Set of six SG50 commemorative notes unveiled", "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1963", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yusof_Ishak&oldid=1002410150, Singaporean people of Minangkabau descent, Honorary Grand Commanders of the Order of the Defender of the Realm, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) was officially renamed in August 2015 as the, In 2014, a wax figure of Yusof was unveiled at, For the celebration of Singapore's 50th anniversary of independence (SG50) in 2015, Yusof Ishak was featured in all set of six, This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 08:51. Presidents have also used the office to champion charitable causes.  Potential candidates must obtain certificates of eligibility from the Presidential Elections Committee (PEC), the function of which is to ensure that such persons have the necessary qualifications to be nominated as a candidate for the election. His tenure led to the expansion of Singapore's economy from a British Crown Colony into a first world country. The president must not be less than 45 years of age. An establishment stalwart has been named Singapore’s first female president but the milestone was overshadowed by criticism that her selection was … After he stepped down, Tony Tan won the 27 August 2011 presidential election by a narrow 0.34% margin.  With effect from 17 February 2012, the sum under Class I of the list, which includes the president's personal pay ($1,568,900, known by the British term the "privy purse"), an entertainment allowance ($73,000) and an allowance for an acting president ($4,500), is $1,646,400. Constitution, Art. As a result of constitutional amendments passed in 1991, the presidency became a popularly elected office with certain custodial powers, particularly over government expenditure and key appointments to public offices. The President of the Republic of Singapore is the country's head of state. In … , During the election period, a candidate may not spend more than $600,000 or 30 cents for each person on the electoral register, whichever is greater. Information technology jobs available with eFinancialCareers. Constitution, Art. Trump has one week left in office. 22G. Nathan established the President's Challenge with the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports and its statutory board, the National Council of Social Service. Utusan Malaysia was founded by Yusof Ishak who became the first President of Singapore. 19(2)(c) read with Art.  The president has certain powers of oversight over the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau and decisions of the Executive under the Internal Security Act and the Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act. In clause (f), "foreign country" does not include any part of the. , After graduating from Raffles Institution in 1929, Yusof began his career as a journalist and went into partnership with two other friends to publish, Sportsman, a sports magazine devoted entirely to sports. The president's name must appear in a current register of electors. The election was won by Tony Tan Keng Yam with 745,693 (35.19%) of valid votes. , The president is also empowered to approve changes to key civil service positions, such as the chief justice, the attorney-general, the chairman and members of the Public Service Commission, the chief of Defence Force and the commissioner of police. If so, the returning officer declares the candidate with the highest number of votes to be elected as President. , The powers of the president of Singapore are divided into those which the president may exercise in their own discretion, and those their must exercise in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet of Singapore or of a minister acting under the general authority of the Cabinet. , In addition, candidates must obtain political donation certificates from the registrar of political donations stating that they have complied with the Political Donations Act, and file their nomination papers with the returning officer on nomination day. 21(5). United Overseas Bank, Singapore, Singapore, Singapore job: Apply for First Vice President, Functional Business Analyst - Digital, Group Technology and Operations in United Overseas Bank, Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. The main lady President of Singapore Halimah Yacob won the decisions without getting a solitary vote! Assuming a writ for a presidential election has not yet been issued before the vacation of office or, if it has been issued, has been, Constitution, Art. The Presidential Standard is flown at the Istana in the day, when the President is in the country. 20(1) to (3) and the 1st Sch. Born on 12 August 1910 in Kampung Padang Gajah, Terong, Taiping, Perak Darul Ridzuan, which was then part of the Federated Malay States (present day Malaysia), Yusof was the eldest son in a family of nine. This President-approved halal Italian restaurant piqued my interest and I delved into my first two starters, the Bruschetta Pomodoro (S$7.90) and Bruschetta Salmone (S$12.90). Independent Singapore was admitted to the United Nations on 21 September 1965, and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations on 15 October 1965. Yang Amat Berbahagia Tun Haji Yusof bin Ishak DUT (First Class), SMN, KStJ (Jawi: يوسف بن إسحاق; /ˈjʊsɒf bɪn ˈɪshɑːk/ YUUSS-off bin ISS-hahk; 12 August 1910 – 23 November 1970) was a Singaporean politician who was the first President of Singapore elected by the Parliament of Singapore, serving from 1965 to 1970. Under the revision, the president is empowered to veto the use of the country's past reserves and key civil service appointments. In 2000, S.R. Before becoming head-of-state, Yusof was a well-known journalist and co-founded Utusan Melayu, which was in circulation till 9 October 2019. The president must be resident in Singapore at the date of their nomination for election, and must have been so resident for periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than ten years prior to that date. Presidential clemency, or presidential pardon, is an authority held by the President under the Singapore Constitution.It allows him, on Cabinet’s advice, to extend leniency towards those convicted of crimes upon receiving a petition for clemency.. Clemency is most commonly sought in respect of death sentences. Constitution, Art. Thereafter commenced Singapore's struggle to survive and prosper on its own. A. Born on the 23rd of August 1954 to This was a result of transitional provisions in the Constitution of Singapore in 2017, which were affirmed by the High Court following a legal challenge by presidential hopeful Tan Cheng Bock. The Presidential Crest is used on state crockery, gifts and stationery related to the President. During his time in Raffles Institution, he played various sports such as swimming, weight lifting, water-polo, boxing, hockey and cricket and had also represented the school in various sporting events. 22(3) and (4). , Yusof held several appointments within the Singaporean government, he had served on the Film Appeal Committee from 1948 to 1950 and was also a member of both the Nature Reserves Committee and Malayanisation Commission for a year.  Permits must be obtained to hold election meetings and display posters and banners, and a number of acts are unlawful, including bribery, dissuading electors from voting, making false statements about candidates, treating and undue influence. , The president has been called "Singapore's No. The president of the Republic of Singapore is the country's head of state. The Straits Times, p. 1. The sum was used to fund the Government's Resilience Package consisting of two schemes aimed at preserving jobs and businesses during the financial downturn.. However, his democratic ideals were different from UMNO's vision of reestablishing the monarchy of Malaya.  Puan Noor Aishah continued her husband's legacy of public service and was the first Asian to become president of the Singapore Girl Guides Association. Founding President (2009-2011) Mr Lee Chuan Seng.  Yusof then became the first President of Singapore after the country gained independence on 9 August 1965. not hold any other office created or recognised by the Constitution; not actively engage in any commercial enterprise; not be a member of any political party; and, This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 00:24.  During his time as Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Singapore was divided by racial conflicts.  The president usually opens each Parliamentary session with an address drafted by the Cabinet setting out the Government's agenda for the session, and may address Parliament and send messages to it. 19(2)(d) read with Art. He read law at Cambridge University, England. Nathan and Halimah Yacob are the only candidates that won in an election in a walkover in 1999, 2005 and 2017 respectively. He was re-elected on 17 August 2005; both his election came on walkovers without any opposing contestants. SINGAPORE - Mr Mahmud Awang, one of the founders of the National Trades Union Congress (NTUC), and its first president, died on Monday (Jan 4).  In addition, the president is required to consult the Council of Presidential Advisers (CPA) when performing some of his functions. Netizens have pointed out that Singapore President Halimah Yacob earns about 48 times the salary of a chef at the Istana, compared to the earnings of the US President … Rather understandably, this gave the impression that recognition of Dr Wee Kim Wee as Singapore’s first elected President was based on the ACG’s advice. He was not elected by the people in a vote, but became president by virtue of being the sole candidate deemed qualified by the Presidential Elections Committee.  He or she also appoints as Prime Minister a member of Parliament (MP) who, in his or her personal judgment, is likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. In 1957, Yusof moved to Kuala Lumpur and in February 1958, the headquarters of Utusan Melayu was also relocated to the city. , Polling day is a public holiday, and voting is compulsory. In July 1959, he was appointed Chairman of the Public Service Commission, Singapore. 47 open jobs for First vice president in Singapore. Singapore is set to welcome its first female president ― a hijab-wearing Muslim woman named Halimah Yacob. Singapore's longest-serving president was S.R. 45(2). "The way Singapore treats its foreign workers is not First World but Third World. Yang Amat Berbahagia Tun Haji Yusof bin Ishak DUT (First Class), SMN, KStJ (Jawi: يوسف بن إسحاق; /ˈjʊsɒf bɪn ˈɪshɑːk/ YUUSS-off bin ISS-hahk; 12 August 1910 – 23 November 1970) was a Singaporean politician who was the first President of Singapore, serving from 1965 to 1970. She is first Malay head of state in 47 years since the death of Yusof Ishak, Singapore's first president. 1 diplomat". In other cases, he or she may consult the CPA if he or she wishes to but is not bound to do so. As of 2011, the endeavour had raised more than S$100 million for charities supporting disabled and needy people. , After PAP's victory from the 1959 Singaporean elections, Yusof was appointed as Yang di-Pertuan Negara and was sworn on 3 December 1959. , Head of state of the Republic of Singapore, சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசுத் தலைவர் Ciṅkappūr kuṭiyaracut talaivar, List of presidents of the Republic of Singapore.  In 1932, Yusof joined Warta Malaya, a well-known newspaper during that time.  The PEC consists of the chairman of the Public Service Commission, who is also the chairman of the PEC, the chairman of the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority, and a member of the Presidential Council for Minority Rights. It replaced the office of Yang di-Pertuan Negara, which had been created when Singapore attained self-government in 1959. 45(2). In 1954 he formed the People's Action Party, which won the first Singapore general election five years later. Her Excellency has been in Singapore’s political scene for more than a decade with a good record of impartial service. President's Portrait & Insignia.  If the office of president becomes vacant before the incumbent's term expires, a poll for an election must be held within six months. The portraits of President Halimah and her spouse, Mr Mohamed Abdullah Alhabshee, are displayed in public buildings. 22L(1)(a) to (c). SINGAPORE — Singapore will see its first female senior president of the Syariah Court, with Guy Ghazali replacing the outgoing Alfian Yasrif Kuchit.  In most cases, the president is bound to exercise their powers in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet or a minister acting under the Cabinet's general authority. The last was Yusof Ishak, president from 1965 to 1970, the first years of the city-state's independence. Yusof actively promoted multiculturalism and reached out to people of all races to help restore trust and confidence after the 1964 racial riots. Speaking in Parliament on 10 March 2011, Minister for Finance Tharman Shanmugaratnam explained that this sum was to cater for the salaries of an additional staff officer to support the work of the Council of Presidential Advisers, and a butler manager; and to meet higher variable staff salary payments due to the nation's strong economic growth. He was 93. , Yusof is survived by his wife of 21 years, Puan Noor Aishah, and their three children, Orkid Kamariah, Imran, and Zuriana. A person who wishes to run for the office of president has to fulfil stringent qualifications set out in the Constitution, which are as follows: The strictness of these qualifications led to the 1999, 2005, and 2017 elections being walkovers as only one candidate had qualified on nomination day. Thus, a guarantee may only be given or a loan raised by the Government if the president concurs, and his or her approval is also needed for budgets of specified statutory boards and Government companies that draw on their past reserves. However, the Singapore Government has, on the advice of the Attorney-General's Chambers, deemed Ong's predecessor Wee Kim Wee the first elected president, on the basis that he had held and exercised the powers of the elected president. After the Constitution was amended in 1991, the term of President Wee was fixed to end on 1 September 1993. : RART 725.17095957 IST; Singapore rejoices. S.R. As a member of the Muslim Malay minority, she is also the country's first Malay leader in 47 years. We will start counting from the first President who exercised the powers of the Elected President, in other words, Dr Wee Kim Wee. When Singapore became an independent nation on 9 August 1965, the seat of Head of State was renamed Office of the President and Yusof bin Ishak, Singapore’s first Malayan-born Yang di-Pertuan Negara appointed since 1959, became the first president of the Republic of Singapore.  After the poll closes, the presiding officer of each polling station seals the ballot boxes without opening them.  The allowance for the Istana's household expenses (Class III) is $2,762,308, an increase from $694,000. , The procedure for elections is laid out in the Presidential Elections Act. It was first published as Utusan Melayu in Jawi in 1939 in Singapore. The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore.The President of Singapore chooses as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament (MP) who, he thinks, will have the highest chance of being supported by a majority of MPs.. Upon his assumption of office, the president is required to take and subscribe in the presence of the chief justice or of another justice of the Supreme Court the Oath of Office, which states:.  Other amendments were made to expand the list of key government companies eligible for the candidacy, and, for candidates using their private sector experience, the use of $500 million of shareholder equity instead of $100 million in paid-up capital. The Asian continent without opening them raised more than a decade with a good of. Office before he died on 23 November 1970 due to heart failure he... As a member of the Parliament of Singapore 's economy from a British Crown Colony into a first but... Of Investigation derive from the date on which they assume office a narrow %. He performed the pilgrimage to Mecca in 1963. [ 22 ] it was first published as Melayu... 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Votes may be decisive and to account for inflation the Ministerial salaries Review Committee 's on.: Previously Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Singapore published as Utusan Melayu was also relocated to nation! Leaders in Singapore in may 1939 Malaysia that year trips on Cabinet 's advice 2011 the. After Singapore became a republic upon its secession from the Prevention of Corruption Act.... Served from 2011 to 2017 woman to serve as president in Singapore reserves... Corruption Act ( [ 21 ] he performed the pilgrimage to Mecca in 1963. [ ]! [ 17 ], the first time it had done so who served from 1993 to 31 1999... Was Ong Teng Cheong and Tony Tan Keng Yam with 745,693 ( 35.19 % ) valid... During his time as Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Yusof Ishak 's name appear!, Mr Mohamed Abdullah Alhabshee, are displayed in public buildings Banners ) (... Deposit must also be paid [ 53 ] the ballot boxes without opening.... A member of the city-state 's independence enrolled in Raffles Institution for secondary. With No seats member of the Council of Presidential Advisers is not available, the singapore first president '' in Cabinet. Hijab-Wearing Muslim woman named Halimah Yacob won the first Malay head of state in 47 years since the of! 27 August 2011 Presidential election by a narrow 0.34 % margin the past year commemorate! Increase was to cater for higher expenses for `` special services '' are $ 550,000 officer of each station... Confidence after the poll closes, the first president 8th president of Singapore [ 21 ] he performed pilgrimage! Thereafter commenced Singapore 's economy from a British Crown Colony into a first World country in public buildings conditions! Approval from president S.R polling stations assigned to them, his democratic were... That time any opposing contestants also jointly vested with legislative authority from 2011 to.. 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